BACKGROUND: Vibratory angioedema (VA) is a subtype of chronic inducible urticaria that manifests with erythematous wheals or angioedema after skin exposure to vibration. Because the condition is rare, the available information is limited. OBJECTIVE: To systematically...
These recommendations for the definition, diagnosis and management of chronicinducible urticaria (CIndU) extend, revise and update our previous consensusreport on physical urticarias and cholinergic urticaria (Allergy, 2009). The aim ofthese recommendations is to...
Chronic inducible urticaria (CIndU) is a group of chronic urticarias characterized by the appearance of recurrent wheals, recurrent angioedema or both, as a response to specific triggers. CIndU includes both physical (symptomatic dermographism, cold and heat...
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is characterized by fluctuating symptoms. Its activity is assessed with the urticaria activity score (UAS). Two versions of the urticaria activity score used for 7 consecutive days (UAS7) are available: (1) The...
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